HSG procedure is a diagnostic X-ray procedure that uses a dye to examine issues related to the ability to conceive. In this test, a doctor examines the patient’s fallopian tubes and uterus to check whether the fallopian tubes are blockage or structural abnormalities in the uterus that may be preventing pregnancy. The causes of infertility may include structural defects in the uterus, which can be inherited or acquired blockages in the fallopian tubes, scarring in the uterus, uterine fibroids, or tumors or polyps in the uterus to make the unsuccessful pregnant.
Procedure for HSG:
During the HSG procedure, you will lie on a table, similar to a pelvic test a speculum is inserted into the vagina to visualize the cervix. Then, a thin catheter is gently inserted through the cervix and into the uterine cavity.
A contrast dye is slowly injected through the catheter into the uterus and fallopian tubes. The dye helps visualize the shape and structure of the uterus and fallopian tubes on X-ray images.
As the contrast dye is injected, X-ray images are taken in real-time. The dye flows through the uterus and fallopian tubes, allowing the radiologist to assess if there are any abnormalities or blockages.
The radiologist will interpret the X-ray images to evaluate the condition of the uterus and fallopian tubes. They will look for abnormalities, such as uterine polyps, fibroids, adhesions, or blocked tubes.
Once the HSG procedure is complete, the catheter is removed, and you will be given time to rest. Some women may experience mild cramping or discomfort during and after the procedure.
The pain experienced during the HSG procedure
- Individual Pain Tolerance:
Each woman’s pain threshold is different, so what might be uncomfortable for one person may not be the same for another.
- Cervical Sensitivity:
The process of inserting the catheter through the cervix to inject the contrast dye can cause discomfort. Especially if the cervix is sensitive.
- Uterine Contractions:
The introduction of the contrast dye into the uterus may cause mild uterine contractions, leading to cramping sensations.
- Fallopian Tube Patency:
If one or both fallopian tubes are blocked or partially blocked, the passage of the dye through the tubes may cause additional discomfort.
HSG (Hysterosalpingography) is a radiological procedure used to examine the uterus and fallopian tubes. During an HSG procedure, a contrast dye is injected into the uterus through the cervix. X-ray images are then taken as the dye flows through the uterus and fallopian tubes. These images help healthcare professionals identify any abnormalities, blockages, or structural issues that could be causing infertility or other reproductive health concerns. HSG can detect abnormalities within the uterine cavity, such as uterine fibroid, polyps, adhesion, or congenital malformations.
Risk of the HSG Test:
- Injury to your uterus.
- An allergic reaction to the dye solution.
Procedure for HSG Radiology
The radiologist will perform the HSG procedure in radiology or imaging suite. Our Create fertility clinic persons will guide the placement of a catheter into the uterus through the cervix and inject the contrast dye into the uterine cavity.
As the contrast dye flows through the uterus and fallopian tubes. The radiologist will use X-ray equipment to capture real-time images of the reproductive structures.
After the procedure, the radiologist carefully reviews and interprets the HSG images. It will look for any abnormalities, such as uterine polyps, fibroids, adhesions, or fallopian tube blockages.
Based on the findings from the HSG images, the radiologist prepares a detailed diagnostic report. This report is then provided to the referring gynecologist or healthcare provider. Who will use the information to guide further evaluation and potential fertility treatments if necessary.