- Male infertility refers to a man has difficulty impregnating a woman despite regular and unprotected sexual intercourse with a fertile partner.
- It is a common issue can be caused by affecting sperm production, sperm quality, or the sperm’s ability to reach and fertilize the egg.
- The semen analysis to assess sperm count, motility, and morphology, and hormonal testing.
- If a couple is experiencing difficulty conceiving, both partners should undergo fertility evaluations to identify any potential issues affecting fertility and develop an appropriate treatment plan.
- A Male fertility evaluation, including a semen analysis, hormonal testing, physical examination and other specialized tests, is necessary to identify the specific types and causes of infertility accurately.
- In our create fertility clinic, there are several treatments for infertility for male. If treatment of your infertility is unsuccessful, assisted reproductive technologies may help you and your partner to increases the chances of pregnancy.
- Fertility problems can be a source of considerable stress for both partners, so the partners might want to consult the doctor about couple’s counselling.
- Male have sufficient sperm to fertilize their partner’s eggs in a test tube, even if they are unable to do, during sexual intercourse. During this process, the partners can be helped with assisted reproductive technologies.
Causes of Male Infertility
- Abnormal Sperm Production:
Low sperm count or the complete absence of sperm in the semen can reduce the chances of conception.
- Sperm Motility:
Poor sperm motility, or the sperm’s ability to swim properly, can hinder its journey to reach and fertilize the egg.
- Sperm Morphology:
Abnormal sperm shape may impact the sperm’s ability to penetrate the egg.
- Hormonal Imbalances:
Problems with hormone production and regulation can affect sperm production and overall reproductive health.
A varicose vein in the testicles can increase testicular temperature, potentially leading to reduced sperm production and quality.
Infections in the reproductive tract can damage sperm and affect fertility.
- Genetic Factors:
Genetic abnormalities and chromosomal disorders can impact sperm production and function.
- Lifestyle Factors:
Certain lifestyle habits, such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, drug use, obesity, and high stress levels.
It can negatively affect male fertility.
- Medical Conditions:
Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, hypertension, and thyroid disorders, may impact male fertility.
- Environmental Exposures:
Exposure to environmental toxins, chemicals, and radiation can harm sperm health.
Types of Male Infertility:
- Pretesticular Male Infertility
- Idiopathic Male Infertility
- Testicular Male Infertility
- Post-testicular Male Infertility
Male Infertility Types
Pretesticular Male Infertility:
It refers to conditions that affect sperm production and hormone regulation before the sperm leave the testes. Common causes include hormonal imbalances, genetic disorders, and certain medical conditions that disrupt hormone production.
Idiopathic Male Infertility:
The cause of infertility may remain unknown even after thorough evaluation and testing and it is referred to as idiopathic infertility.
Testicular Male Infertility:
Testicular infertility results from problems directly within the testicles, affecting sperm production and quality. Causes may include:
- Azoospermia: Complete absence of sperm in the semen.
- Oligospermia: Low sperm count, where the number of sperm in the semen is lower than normal.
- Teratospermia: Abnormal sperm morphology, meaning that the shape and structure of the sperm are abnormal.
- Oligoasthenoteratospermia: A combination of low sperm count, poor sperm motility, and abnormal sperm morphology.
Post-testicular Male Infertility:
Post-testicular infertility results from obstructions or issues in the reproductive tract that prevent sperm from being ejaculated normally. Causes may include:
- Retrograde Ejaculation: Semen is redirected into the bladder instead of being ejaculated from the penis.
- Obstructive Azoospermia: Blockages in the vas deferens or epididymis prevent sperm from reaching the semen.
- Ejaculatory Duct Obstruction: Blockages in the ejaculatory ducts can impede the transport of sperm during ejaculation.