Male Infertility Test
- Male infertility test involves a series of evaluations and examinations to assess the man’s reproductive health.
- Specifically focusing on sperm production, sperm quality, and overall fertility potential.
- Male infertility test refers to a man has difficulty impregnating a woman despite regular and unprotected sexual intercourse with a fertile partner.
- In our create fertility clinic, there are several treatments for infertility for male. If treatment of your infertility is unsuccessful, assisted reproductive technologies may help you and your partner to increases the chances of pregnancy.
- Fertility problems can be a source of considerable stress for both partners, so the partners might want to consult the doctor about couple’s counselling.
- Male infertility test have sufficient sperm to fertilize their partner’s eggs in a test tube, even if they are unable to do, during sexual intercourse. During this process, the partners can be helped with assisted reproductive technologies.
- Fred Williams – Consultant Endocrinologist
- Kasi V Sellappan – Clinical Director – Fertility services
- Kavitha Kovi – Senior Consultant Obstetrician & Gynecologist
- Vijaya Meenakshi – Consultant Obstetrician & Gynecologist
Male Infertility Test:
- A semen analysis is the primary test used to assess male fertility involves collecting a semen sample through ejaculation and examining it in the laboratory.
- The analysis evaluates several parameters, including sperm count, sperm motility, sperm morphology and semen volume.
- Abnormalities in any of these parameters may indicate potential fertility issues.
- Blood tests can be performed to measure hormone levels that play a crucial role in male fertility.
- Such as testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and luteinizing hormone (LH).
- Hormone imbalances can affect sperm production and overall reproductive health.
- A scrotal ultrasound uses sound waves to create images of the testicles and surrounding structures.
- It can help identify anatomical abnormalities, such as varicocele or blockages in the reproductive tract, which may contribute to male infertility.
- This test is used to check for retrograde ejaculation, a condition where semen is ejaculated into the bladder instead of leaving the penis.
- It involves analyzing a urine sample collected immediately after ejaculation.
- Genetic testing may be performed to identify any genetic abnormalities or chromosomal disorders that can impact male fertility.
- In certain cases, a testicular biopsy may be necessary to assess sperm production directly in the testes.
- It is typically done when sperm cannot be found in the ejaculate (azoospermia).
Antisperm Antibody Testing:
- This test checks for the presence of antibodies that may attack and affect sperm function.
Diagnosing the Male Infertility Test:
- Diagnosing male infertility test involves a comprehensive evaluation that includes various examinations and tests to assess the man’s reproductive health.
- The process aims to identify the underlying causes of infertility by evaluating sperm production, sperm quality, and overall fertility potential. It includes:
- Medical History:
The healthcare professional will conduct a thorough medical history interview questions about the man’s general health, sexual history, past medical conditions, surgeries, medications, and lifestyle habits.
- Physical Examination:
A physical examination is performed to assess the man’s overall health and reproductive anatomy, including the testes, penis, and other related structures.
Male Infertility Treatments:
- Lifestyle Changes:
- Adopting a healthy lifestyle can significantly impact male fertility.
- Male infertility test may involve quitting smoking, reducing alcohol consumption, managing stress, maintaining a balanced diet, and engaging in regular exercise.
- Certain medications can help treat hormonal imbalances or medical conditions that affect sperm production and reproductive health.
- For example, hormone replacement therapy may be used to address low testosterone levels.
- Surgical Interventions:
- Surgical procedures may be necessary to correct anatomical issues or to remove blockages in the reproductive tract.
- One common procedure is varicocele repair, where the enlarged veins in the scrotum are treated to improve sperm production and quality.
- Sperm Retrieval Techniques:
- For men with very low sperm count or obstructive issues, sperm can be retrieved directly from the testicles or epididymis.
- Through procedures like testicular sperm extraction (TESE) or percutaneous epidydimal sperm aspiration (PESA).
- The retrieved sperm can then be used in conjunction with ART procedures.
- Genetic Counseling:
- In cases where male infertility test is caused by genetic abnormalities, genetic counseling.
- It can help couples understand the risks and potential inheritance patterns for future children.
- Assisted Reproductive Techniques
ART can help couples achieve pregnancy when natural conception is challenging.
- Intrauterine Insemination (IUI): Sperm is washed and concentrated, then inserted directly into the woman’s uterus during ovulation to increase the chances of sperm reaching the egg.
- In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) with Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI): In this procedure, eggs are retrieved from the woman’s ovaries, and a single sperm is directly injected into each egg.